Skip to content

God to the Letter: Alphabetical and Theological Thinking in the Hebrew Bible

Jean-Pierre Sonnet

Pages 203 - 225



1 Aharoni, Y., Arad Inscriptions, Jerusalem 1981.

2 Barré, M. L., “Terminative” Terms in Hebrew Acrostics, in: idem (ed.), Wisdom, You Are My Sister: Studies in Honor of Roland E. Murphy, O. Carm., on the Occasion of His Eightieth Birthday (CBQMS 29), Washington 1997, 207–215.

3 Bloch, Y., Alphabet Scribes in the Land of Cuneiform: Sēpiru Professionals in Mesopotamia in the Neo-Babylonian and Achaemenid Periods (Gorgias Studies in the Ancient Near East 11), Piscataway, NJ 2018.

4 Buber, M. / Rosenzweig, F., Scripture and Translation, trans. L. Rosenwald / E. Fox, Bloomington, IN 1994.

5 Carr, D. M., Writing on the Tablet of the Heart: Origins of Scripture and Literature, Oxford 2005.

6 Ceresko, A. R., The ABCs of Wisdom in Psalm xxxiv, in: VT 35 (1985) 99–104.

7 Ceresko, A. R., Endings and Beginnings: Alphabetical Thinking and the Shaping of Psalms 106 and 150, in: CBQ 68 (2006) 31–46.

8 Coogan, M. D., Alphabets and Elements, in: BASOR 216 (1974) 61–63.

9 Coogan, M. D., *'LP, “To Be an Abecedarian”, in JAOS 110 (1990) 322.

10 Cooley, J. L., Judean Scribalism, Documentary Epistemology, and the Name ישׂראל, in: C. J. Crisostomo / E. A. Escobar / T. Tanaka / N. Veldhuis (eds.), The Scaffolding of our Thoughts: Essays on Assyriology and the History of Science in Honor of Francesca Rochberg (Ancient Magic and Divination 13), Leiden 2018, 207–252.

11 Cooley, J. L., Epistemology in the Biblical Tradition: Judean Knowledge-Building, Scribal Craftsmanship, and Scribal Culture, in: J. Althoff / D. Berrens / T. Pommerening (eds.), Finding, Inheriting or Borrowing? The Construction and Transfer of Knowledge in Antiquity and the Middle Ages (Mainzer Historische Kulturwissenschaften 39), Berlin 2019, 99–121.

12 Couroyer, B., La tablette du cœur, in: RB 90 (1983) 416–434.

13 de Jonge, M. et al., The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs: A Critical Edition of the Greek Text (PVTG 1.2), Leiden 1978.

14 Demsky, A., Abecedaries, in: W. W. Hallo / K. L. Younger Jr (ed.), The Context of Scripture, I, Leiden 1997, 362–365.

15 Demsky, A., The Interface of Oral and Written Traditions in Ancient Israel: The Case of the Abecedaries, in: C. Rico / C. Attucci (eds.), Origins of the Alphabet: Proceedings of the First Polis Institute Interdisciplinary Conference, Cambridge 2015, 23–48.

16 Dobbs-Allsopp, F. W., On Biblical Poetry, Oxford 2015.

17 Drawnel, H., An Aramaic Wisdom Text from Qumran: A New Interpretation of the Levi Document (JSJSup 86), Leiden 2004.

18 Ehrlich, A. B., Randglossen zur hebräischen Bibel, vol. 4., Leipzig 1912.

19 Eshel, E. / Eshel, H. / Lange, A., “Hear, O Israel” in Gold: An Ancient Amulet from Halbturn in Austria, in: JAJ 1 (2010) 43–64.

20 Fishbane, M. Biblical Interpretation in Ancient Israel, Oxford 1985.

21 Fitzgerald, A., Hebrew Poetry, in: R.E. Brown et al. (eds.), The Jerome Biblical Commentary, Englewood Cliffs, NJ 1968, 238–244.

22 Freedman, D. N., Patterns in Psalms 25 and 34, in: E. Ulrich / J. W. Wright / R. P. Carroll / P. R. Davies (eds.), Priests, Prophets and Scribes: Essays on the Formation and Heritage of Second Temple Judaism in Honour of Joseph Blenkinsopp (JSOTS 149), Sheffield, 1992, 125–138.

23 Garsiel, M., Midrashim in the Names of the Letters of the Alphabet in Acrostic Literary Units (Hebrew), in: Beth Miqra 139 (1994) 313–334.

24 Gass, W. H., Fiction and the Figures of Life, New York 1970.

25 Goldwasser, O., The Advantage of Cultural Periphery: The Invention of the Alphabet in Sinai (Circa 1840 B.C.E), in: R. Sela-Sheffy / G. Toury (eds.), Culture Contacts and the Making of Cultures: Papers in homage to Itamar Even-Zohar, Tel Aviv 2011, 255–322.

26 Gordon, C. H., His Name is “One”, JNES 29 (1970) 198–199.

27 Gottwald, N. K., Studies in the Book of Lamentations (SBT 14), London 1954.

28 Greenberg, M., Ezekiel 1–20, AB 22, New York 1983.

29 Gzella, H., Abecedaries, in: G. Khan (ed.), Encyclopedia of Hebrew Language and Linguistics, vol. 1, Leiden 2013, 4–7.

30 Hallo, W. W., Origins: The Ancient Near Eastern Background of Some Modern Western Institutions (Studies in the History and Culture of the Ancient Near East), Leiden 1996.

31 Haring, B., Ancient Egypt and the Earliest Known Stages of Alphabetic Writing, in: P. J. Boyes / P. M. Steele (eds.), Understanding Relations Between Scripts II: Early Alphabets (Contexts of and Relations between Early Writing Systems 1), Cambridge 2020, 53–67.

32 Ho, P.C.W., The Design of the Psalter: A Macrostructural Analysis, Eugene, OR 2019.

33 Hrushovski, B., On Free Rhythms in Modern Poetry, in: T. Sebeok (ed.), Style in Language, New York 1960, 173–190.

34 Hurowitz, V. A., Additional Elements of Alphabetical Thinking in Psalm XXXIV, in: VT 52 (2002) 326– 333.

35 Jakobson, R., Selected Writings, vol. 2, The Hague 1971 (1957).

36 Jean, G., Writing: The Story of Alphabets and Scripts, London 1992.

37 Jeremías, A. Das Alte Testament im Lichte des Alten Orients, Leipzig 41930.

38 Josipovici, G., The Book of God: A Response to the Bible, New Haven, CT 1988.

39 Kalimi, I., Metathesis in the Hebrew Bible: Wordplay as a Literary and Exegetical Device, Peabody, MA 2018.

40 Lange, A., The Shema Israel in Second Temple Judaism, in: JAJ 1 (2010) 207–214.

41 Lemaire, A., Abécédaires et exercices d'écolier en épigraphie nord-ouest sémitique, in: Journal Asiatique 266 (1978) 221–235.

42 Lemaire, A., Les écoles et la formation de la Bible dans l'Ancien Israël (OBO 39), Fribourg-Göttingen 1981.

43 Lemaire, A., La diffusion des écritures alphabétiques (CA 1700–500 AV.N.E.), in: Diogène 55 (2008) 45–58.

44 Leuchter, M., The Aramaic Transition and the Redaction of the Pentateuch, in: JBL 136 (2017) 249–268.

45 Leuchter, M., (ed.), Scribes and Scribalism (The Hebrew Bible in Social Perspective), London 2021.

46 Leuchter, M., Introduction: The Scholarly Context for the Study of Scribes and Scribalism, in: idem (ed.), Scribes and Scribalism (The Hebrew Bible in Social Perspective), London 2021, 1–10.

47 Mathys, H.-P., Das Astarte-Quadrat, Zürich 2008.

48 Morais, J., Constraints on the Development of Phonemic Awareness, in: S. Brady / D. Shankweiler (eds.), Phonological Processes in Literacy: A Tribute to Isabelle Y. Liberman, New York 2001, 5–28.

49 Morenz, L. D., Sinai und Alphabetschrift. Die frühesten alphabetischen Inschriften und ihr kanaanäisch-ägyptischer Entstehungshorizont im Zweiten Jahrtausend v. Chr. (Studia Sinaitica 3), Berlin 2019.

50 Nagy, G., Poetry as Performance: Homer and Beyond, Cambridge 1996.

51 Otto, E., Singing Moses: His Farewell Song in Deuteronomy 32, in: D. Human (ed.), Psalmody and Poetry in Old Testament Ethics (LHBOTS 572), New York 2012, 169–180.

52 Reads, C., et al., The Ability to Manipulate Speech Sounds Depends on Knowing Alphabetic Writing, in: Cognition 24 (1986) 31–44.

53 Renz, T., A Perfectly Broken Acrostic in Nahum 1, in: JHS 9 (2009) art. 23.

54 Ringgren, H., א לֱֹה יִם 'elōhîm, TDOT 1 (1977) 267–284.

55 Rollston, C. A., Writing and Literacy in the World of Ancient Israel. Epigraphic Evidence from the Iron Age (Archaeologic and Biblical Studies 11), Atlanta, GA 2010.

56 Rotman, B., The Alphabetic Body, in: Parallax 8 (2002) 92–104.

57 Sanders, J. A., The Psalms Scroll of Qumrân Cave 11 (11QPsa) (DJD 4), Oxford 1965.

58 Schaper, J., A Theology of Writing: The Oral and the Written, God as Scribe, and the Book of Deuteronomy, in: L. J. Lawrence / M. I. Aguilar (ed.), Anthropology and Biblical Studies: Avenues of Approach, Leiden 2004, 97–119.

59 Schaper, J., Media and Monotheism (ORA 33), Tübingen 2019.

60 Schniedewind,W., The Finger of the Scribe: How Scribes Learned to Write the Bible, Oxford 2019.

61 Schrott, R., Tropen. Über das Erhabene, München 1998.

62 Shaus, A. / Gerber, Y. / Faigenbaum-Golovin, S. / Sober, B. / Piasetzky, E. / Finkelstein, I., Forensic document examination and algorithmic handwriting analysis of Judahite biblical period inscriptions reveal significant literacy level, Plos One, September 9, 2020, 1–15.

63 Skehan, P. W., The Structure of the Song of Moses in Deuteronomy (32:1–43), in: CBQ 13 (1951) 153–163.

64 Soll, W. M., Babylonian and Biblical Acrostics, in: Bib 69 (1989) 305–323.

65 Sonnet, J.-P., The Book within the Book: Writing in Deuteronomy (BibInt 14), Leiden 1997.

66 Sonnet, J.-P., Ehyeh asher ehyeh (Exodus 3:14): God's “Narrative Identity” among Suspense, Curiosity, and Surprise, in: Poetics Today 31 (2010) 331–351.

67 Sonnet, J.-P., “He Who Makes Wonders”. God's Mirabilia in the Hebrew Bible between Narrative and Poetry, in E. Di Rocco (ed.), Astonishment: Essays on Wonder for Piero Boitani (Storia e Letteratura 305), Roma 2019, 31–47.

68 Tadmor, H., The Aramaisation of Assyria: Aspect of Western Impact, in: H.-J. Nissen / J. Renger (eds.), Mesopotamien und seine Nachbarn. Politische und kulturelle Wechselbeziehungen im Alten Vorderasien vom 4. bis 1. Jahrtausend v. Chr., Berlin 1982, 449–470.

69 Thackeray, H.S.J., Josephus with an English Translation, vol. 4, Cambridge 1967.

70 Tigay, J., Deuteronomy דברים (The JPS Torah Commentary), Philadelphia, PA 1996.

71 Tov, E., Scribal Practices and Approaches Reflected in the Texts Found in the Judean Desert (STDJ 54), Leiden 2004.

72 van der Toorn, K., Scribal Culture and the Making of the Hebrew Bible, Cambridge, MA 2007.

73 Weinfeld, M., Deuteronomy and the Deuteronomic School, Oxford 1972.

74 Yardeni, A., The Book of Hebrew Script: History, Paleography, Script Styles, Calligraphy & Design, London 2002.

75 Zhakevich, P., Scribal Tools in Ancient Israel: A Study of Biblical Hebrew Terms for Writing Materials and Implements (HACL 9), University Park, PA 2020.


Export Citation